What Are the Types of Disability?

No matter a person’s genetics or the severity of their disability, there are various forms of disabilites to contend with.

Disabilities can limit a person’s capacity for certain activities (activity limitations) or their capacity to interact with the world around them (participation restrictions). Even within one situation, people may experience different effects due to the same disability.


Physical disabilities are conditions which restrict movement, energy levels and overall functioning. They may be temporary, long-term or permanent in nature and caused by a variety of factors.

Physical disabilities can have a profound effect on a child’s learning and development, whether it is just an impairment in mobility or something more serious like health issues. Children who experience these disabilities typically require special services to meet their individual requirements.

According to the United States Department of Education, approximately 0.6 percent of students in elementary and secondary schools have some form of physical or health disability. This can range from a minor issue such as a broken leg to more serious conditions like paraplegia or quadriplegia.

Physical disabilities can be congenital (born with a disorder) or acquired (developed after birth). Congenital physical disabilities refer to those that manifest before the age of three and are caused by genetic disorders, issues with muscle cells or injuries during delivery. Acquired disabilities occur after birth as the result of accidents, injuries, obesity, infection or illness and cannot be reversed once acquired.

Developmental disabilities are lifelong issues that impact one or more areas of functioning, such as learning, communication, behavior and physical abilities. They may be caused by genetic or chromosome abnormalities or degenerative birth defects.

Developmental disabilities such as mental retardation, intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders are the most prevalent. These brain function issues may cause difficulties with memory, learning, thinking and adaptive behavior.

Unfortunately, these disorders often progress without treatment; however, they can be managed through special education classes, therapy and counseling.

Behavioral disabilities refer to excessive, externalizing behaviors which can have severe repercussions for a child’s family and community. These might include physical aggression, defiance, tantrums, impulsivity, lying, refusals and oppositionality – behaviors which can interfere with daily living functions while having serious social and economic effects as well as being indicative of a more serious underlying condition that requires diagnosis.

Behavioral or Emotional

Children who experience emotional or behavioral difficulties in school often struggle to adjust, particularly if not identified. Without intervention and tailored instruction, these children could potentially end up failing in the educational process. To manage their lives both inside and outside the classroom, these kids require both psychotherapy or counseling services to ensure success in both environments.disability housing melbourne

Children with behavioral or emotional disabilities may display behaviors that disrupt learning environments and cause harm to themselves and others. Such disabilities include oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.

Emotional disturbances are recognized by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This law designates

emotional disturbance as a “subgroup” of disabilities.

Students with emotional disturbances typically struggle to form or sustain satisfying social connections, such as with family and peers. They may also exhibit a pervasive mood of unhappiness, depression, or anxiety. These disorders have the potential to significantly impact someone’s thinking, feeling, and ability to relate to others.

Sensory disability is a condition in which people have difficulty processing information coming from their senses, such as touch, sound and movement. It may be mild or severe and can significantly impact daily living activities.

People with sensory disability typically require specialized devices and assistance to participate in society. Depending on their individual needs, they may also require therapy or professional guidance.

Sensory disabilities can be caused by genetics or a physical injury that impairs someone’s senses. They may also be triggered by environmental elements like loud noises and infections.

Sensory disability can have a significant effect on an individual’s capacity to learn and perform everyday tasks, as well as their health and quality of life. Although it can be overwhelming to deal with, those affected by sensory disability can lead happy and fulfilling lives with assistance from specialized employment and training services that will enable them to secure and sustain employment.

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